Gaza Crisis Update (July 25, 2014)

July 25, 2014 IMEU
Gaza Crisis Update (July 25, 2014)
PHOTO: A Palestinian man stands in the ruins of his home after it was demolished by Israeli airstrikes on Gaza on July 16, 2014 (Jehad Saftawi/IMEU) 

  • Since July 7, Israel has killed at least 808 Palestinians in Gaza, including at least 185 children.
  • At around 3 PM local time on Thursday (July 24), a United Nations school in Beit Hanoun where approximately 1500 internally displaced people (IDP) were sheltering was struck by several missiles, killing at least 16 people and injuring at least 150 others. It wasn’t immediately clear who was responsible for the attack, however late Thursday the Israeli military acknowledged that it had fired into the area at the time of the incident, claiming they were responding to hostile fire. According to UN officials, they twice asked the Israeli military to allow a humanitarian corridor to evacuate civilians from the school during the day, but Israel refused. Over the past three days, the Israeli military has attacked UN schools housing IDPs on three different occasions, despite the fact that the UN has provided the military with precise GPS coordinates for all of its facilities.
  • According to the UN, as of July 24 at 8 AM ET:
    • At least 578 Palestinian civilians have been killed, including at least 185 children and 93 women.
    • During the 24-hour reporting period (July 23-July 24), at least 92 Palestinians were reported killed or their bodies recovered, including 17 children and eight women. (Note: These figures do not include at least 16 people killed in an attack on a UN school sheltering IDPs, the source of which is not yet conclusively known.)
    • Forty-two families in Gaza have lost at least three or more members killed by the Israeli military in the same incident, totaling 253 people.
    • More than 5100 Palestinians have been injured, including more than 1500 children and 1000 women, as of July 24 at 1 AM ET.
    • 149,000 internally displaced people (IDP) are sheltering in 84 United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) schools and tens thousands of others are taking refuge elsewhere. This is more than double the number of Palestinians who took refuge at UN facilities during Israel’s devastating three-week assault on Gaza in the winter of 2008-2009, Operation Cast Lead. All are in need of emergency food assistance.
    • At least 148,000 children require specialized psychosocial support (PSS) due to trauma caused by the death or injury of someone they know or loss of home.
    • Israel has destroyed or severely damaged at least 615 residential properties, including numerous multi-story buildings, causing hundreds of civilian casualties.
    • Since July 7, Israeli attacks have damaged approximately 120 schools. On July 24, five people were wounded when the Israeli military shelled the Deir al-Balah girls school in central Gaza, which was sheltering approximately 1500 IDPs. At least six teachers are known to have been killed.
    • The Israeli army has declared 44% of the tiny Gaza Strip a military “buffer zone.”

Attacks on civilians​

Attacks on medical facilities & healthcare workers

Shortages of medical specialists, equipment & supplies

  • According to the UN, Gaza medical facilities urgently require:
  • Shifa hospital urgently requires neurosurgeons, anesthesiologists, plastic and general surgeons, and orthopedic specialists, as well as 20 ICU beds, a digit C-ARM machine for orthopedic surgeries, three operation tables and a lighting system for the five operation rooms.
  • Psycho-tropic drugs for patients with mental illness, trauma and anxiety, which are in critically short supply.

Attacks on journalists

Attacks on civilian infrastructure

  • According to the UN:

    • The electricity supply has further deteriorated after two Israeli missiles landed in the vicinity of the Gaza Power Plant (GPP) on 23 July. Electricity is being provided on a rolling basis and homes are left without power for approximately 20 hours per day. The damaged generator needs to be totally replaced. GPP engineers are seeking guarantees from the Israeli authorities that they will not be targeted while conducting repairs. At approximately 00:30 on 24 July, an Israeli airstrike hit a repair crew from the Gaza Electricity Distribution Company in the centre of Khan Yunis, reportedly injuring four.
    • 15 wells and six sewage pumping stations are not operating. Less than half of the required amount of water is being pumped, according to the Municipality of Gaza. Humanitarian access to allow for repairs of wells, sewage pumping station and water and sewage lines is urgently needed to avert the outbreak of public health diseases. Several areas are experiencing sewage flooding, in particular in Beit Hanoun and Beit Lahiya, posing public health hazards.
    • An estimated 1.2 million people have no or very limited access to water or sanitation services because of damage done to the electrical system or lack of fuel for generators. Repairs to the water and sewage system are urgently required to avert the outbreak of public health diseases. 
  • On July 23, the Palestine Cellular Communications Company announced that Gaza’s only cellular phone network is at risk of going down because of damage done by Israeli bombing.

Statements/reports from human rights organizations
(Bolding by IMEU)

  • On July 23, Navi Pillay, the UN high commissioner for human rights, expressed deep concern over possible Israeli “war crimes” in Gaza, telling a special session of the UN Human Rights Council: 
    “The targeting of civilian homes is a violation of international humanitarian law, unless the homes are being used for military purposes. Attacks against military objectives must offer a definite military advantage in the prevailing circumstances, and precautions must be taken to protect civilian lives. The fact that an attempt to warn civilians has been made, does not release the attacker from its obligation to spare civilian lives. A number of incidents, along with the high number of civilian deaths, belie the claim that all necessary precautions are being taken. People – particularly the elderly, sick and those with disabilities – are not given sufficient time to scramble out of their homes. When they do manage to run out into the street, there is nowhere to hide and no way of knowing where the next shell or missile will land.”
  • In its July 23 daily emergency update, the UN expressed alarm at the numerous instances of Israeli attacks killing numerous members of the same family, stating:
    “The killing of multiple members of the same families as a result of the targeting of homes remains a matter of serious concern. Human rights organizations have estimated that since the start of the emergency, the Israeli military has targeted and destroyed or severely damaged 564 residential properties, including many multi-story buildings, causing civilian casualties and displacing the survivors.”
  • On July 22, Human Rights Watch issued a report entitled “Airstrike Deaths Raise Concerns on Ground Offensive: Unlawful Israeli Attacks Hit Hospital, Kill Children, Other Civilians.” It read in part:
    “Israel should cease attacks that cause loss of civilian life and property in violation of the laws of war. Human Rights Watch investigated eight Israeli airstrikes that were apparent violations of the laws of war before the ground offensive that began on July 17, 2014. The findings and reports of numerous new civilian casualties heightened concerns for the safety of civilians during the ground offensive.”

    “The attacks Human Rights Watch investigated include a missile attack that killed four boys on a Gaza City pier and wounded three others, multiple strikes over several days on a hospital for paralyzed and elderly patients, attacks on an apparent civilian residence and media worker’s car, and four previously documented strikes. In many, if not all, of these cases, Human Rights Watch found no evidence of a military target. Israeli forces’ failure to direct attacks at a military target violates the laws of war. Israeli forces may also have knowingly or recklessly attacked people who were clearly civilians, such as young boys, and civilian structures, including a hospital – laws-of-war violations that are indicative of war crimes.”
  • On July 21, Amnesty International USA issued a statement entitled “Attacks on Medical Facilities and Civilians Add to War Crime Allegations.” It read in part:
    “The continuing bombardment of civilian homes in several areas of the Gaza Strip, as well as the Israeli shelling of a hospital, add to the list of possible war crimes that demand an urgent independent international investigation.” Regarding Israel’s bloody attack on the Shejaiya (Shuja’iyyeh) neighborhood of Gaza City on Sunday (July 20), which killed at least 67 people, including at least 17 children and 14 women, the statement noted:“The Israeli military said that Shuja'iyyeh, a densely populated area with some 92,000 residents east of Gaza City, had been targeted because it was a ‘fortress’ housing rockets, tunnels and command centres. Israeli military and government officials have repeatedly said that civilians were warned to evacuate the area days before it was attacked.” 

    “However, many civilians in Shuja'iyyeh and other areas did not evacuate because they had nowhere to go. All the UNRWA schools and other facilities opened as shelters are overflowing. Issuing warnings to evacuate entire areas does not absolve Israeli forces of their obligations to protect civilians under international humanitarian law.”
  • On July 21, ten Israeli human rights organizations, including B’Tselem, The Association for Civil Rights in Israel, The Public Committee against Torture in Israel, Physicians for Human Rights – Israel and Rabbis for Human Rights, expressing alarm at the “high rate of civilian casualties,” which “raises concerns about grave violations of international humanitarian law.” The accompanying press release noted:
    “The organizations emphasize that sending alerts or providing warnings to residents does not transform them, or their homes, into legitimate military targets, and does not exempt the army from its duty to avoid executing indiscriminate attacks in the area. ‘In the absence of a protected area for residents that provides shelter and an answer to their humanitarian needs, military commanders can not claim that they have taken sufficient precautions to avoid causing injury’.
  • On July 21, Defence for Children International – Palestine Section issued a statement entitled “Death toll of Palestinian children spirals as Israel expands Gaza offensive” which detailed several Israeli attacks that killed children, noting that:
    Israel’s military offensive on the Gaza Strip has been characterized by the direct targeting of civilian homes and infrastructure, and the indiscriminate targeting of civilians, which constitutes a war crime.”