Since shortly after it began militarily occupying the Palestinian West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza in the 1967 War, Israel has been colonizing them with Jewish settlers in violation of international law, part of an effort to cement control and prevent the establishment of a Palestinian state.
The following fact sheet provides a history of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's views on the two-state solution, which has been the foundation of US and international efforts to make peace in the region for decades.
Although Israel is nominally a parliamentary democracy, over the course of the country's nearly 67-year history there has been a period of only about one year (1966-67) that Israel did not rule over large numbers of Palestinians by military decree, granting them no civil or political rights simply because they are not Jewish.
On Wednesday, the Israeli government destroyed the home of a Palestinian man who killed two Israelis in Jerusalem last month, part of a policy of collective punishment. The IMEU offers the following fact sheet on Israel's controversial practice of punitive home demolitions, as well as Israel's use of home demolitions to Judaize occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank.
Although they often couch their agenda in terms of civil rights and religious freedom, the right-wing Israeli individuals and groups that are pushing for more access and Jewish prayer in the Noble Sanctuary compound want to remove the Muslim holy sites that it currently houses and replace them with a Jewish temple.
In recent weeks, the troubled relationship between the administration of U.S. President Barack Obama and the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has once again been making headlines, following several announcements for new Israeli settlement construction on occupied Palestinian land. For context on these latest developments, the IMEU offers the following fact sheet.
On Wednesday, a prominent right-wing Israeli extremist in the Temple Mount movement was shot and seriously wounded in Jerusalem, reportedly by a Palestinian gunman who was later killed by Israeli security forces. The attack followed months of rising tensions between Palestinians and Israeli settlers and occupation forces in East Jerusalem. The IMEU offers the following fact sheet on these recent events.
Last week, Jewish settlers working with an Israeli organization called Elad took over 25 apartments in the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan in occupied East Jerusalem. It was the largest such takeover of Palestinian property in East Jerusalem in decades, further inflaming already high tensions in the city. The IMEU offers the following fact sheet on Elad, the JNF & the US Taxpayer-Subsidized “Judaization” of Silwan.
According to the United Nations, between July 7 and August 26, at least 2131 Palestinians were killed in Gaza as a result of Israel’s “Operation Protective Edge.” The IMEU offers the following fact sheet summarizing Israel's latest assault on Gaza.